By Stanford M. Lyman, Marvin B. Scott
This paintings offers a crystallization and particularization of a faculty of sociological pondering variously known as "creative sociology," "existential sociology," "phenomenological sociology," "conflict theory," and "dramaturgical analysis." the result's a methodological synthesis of the "dual" visions of Erving Goffman and Harold Garfinkel.
This e-book equips the reader with a framework for offering enough descriptions of these face-to-face encounters that make up lifestyle. This variation contains essays now not present in the 1st version, in addition to a brand new creation that locates it within the spectrum of latest theorizing.
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Additional info for A Sociology of the Absurd (2nd Edition)
Social arrangements generate the experience that is defined as humanistic or fatalistic. Persons on fatalistic time tracks find themselves suffering the inconve niences of time. Activities in which they are involved seem like slavery. Terms like "rat race, " commonly applied to obligatory activities in bureaucratic settings, apprehend the subj ective sense of fatalism sensed in some occupations . While all individuals may experience events or activities fatalistically sometimes, certain segments of society are more likely to perceive their very existence in fatalistic terms.
Among the many features of time tracks mention must be made of their degree of determinateness and indeterminateness. A jail sentence, a hitch in the army, and a college curriculum have high degrees of determinateness. Usually they are specified as having a particular temporal length, or the time-activity ratio is so evident that anyone can plan with a high degree of certainty on how long the activity will take or how long one must wait for the end . On the other hand, when the j udge metes out an indeterminate prison sentence, when the army command decides that military service will extend for the duration of hostilities, or when the requirements for college matriculation change annually, the respective parties to these arrangements experience a sense of temporal unpredictability.
69 The modern Sociology of the Absurd widens the scope of its dramaturgic net to include not only the star performers and their exercise of virtu, but also the minor players and their hopeless victimization by fate. Goffman also has adopted the specific unit of investigation derived from Machiavelli's conception of social life - the episode. Since the world is created anew is each encounter, it is precisely these engagements that form the comprehensible units for sociological investigation. Machiavelli in dicated this in his discussion of the relationship between the prince's suc cess, the spirit of the times, and fortune: I say that we see a prince fortunate one day, and ruined the next, without his nature or any of his qualities being changed .
A Sociology of the Absurd (2nd Edition) by Stanford M. Lyman, Marvin B. Scott