Download e-book for iPad: A Treatise on Social Theory, Volume 2 by W. G. Runciman

By W. G. Runciman

ISBN-10: 051158346X

ISBN-13: 9780511583469

ISBN-10: 0521249597

ISBN-13: 9780521249591

ISBN-10: 0521369835

ISBN-13: 9780521369831

This moment of 3 volumes units out a common account of the constitution and evolution of human societies. the writer argues first that societies are to be outlined as units of roles whose incumbents are rivals for entry to, or regulate of, the technique of construction, persuasion and coercion; and moment, that the method during which societies evolve is certainly one of aggressive collection of the practices wherein roles are outlined analagous, yet now not reducible, to traditional choice. He illustrates and checks those theses with facts drawn from the entire variety of societies documented within the old and ethnographic list. the result's an unique, robust and far-reaching reformulation of evolutionary sociological concept so one can give the chance to do for the category and research of societies what Darwin and his successors have performed for the class and research of species.

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Extra resources for A Treatise on Social Theory, Volume 2

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In some societies, for example, high social status can be acquired by the deliberate sacrifice of wealth, as by the sanyasi in the Hindu system of caste. But in others, as among the mestizos of rural Colombia, status can be acquired only by holding authority, at once political and economic, over other men (Reichel-Dolmatoff 1961, p. 442). In some societies, access to the means of coercion can be purchased for cash, as in most of Western Europe during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. But in others, as in most of Eastern Europe during the second half of the twentieth century, membership of the ruling elite is the way to economic privileges not available in the market.

G. Boudon (1977). The term was originally coined by Stouffer et al. (1949, p. 125) and particularly influentially discussed by Merton (1957, Ch. 8). f As Mara for one was well aware: cf. g. the remarks of Dunning (1971-2, pp. 417-18) on the usefulness of Marx's recognition of the significance of closure for the formation of class consciousness among Blacks in the United States in the 1960s. MOBILITY OF PERSONS AND ROLES 37 are not in any way pre-empted by the reportage of the extent and degree of relative deprivation voiced by the members of different systacts in one or more of the three dimensions of social structure.

The desire for individual mobility and the desire for the collective mobility of a systact of which the person in question may or may not be a member is, however, yet another of the distinctions which is conceptually clear-cut but not at all easy to maintain in practice. g. Peristiany (1965) for a selection of Mediterranean societies where the avoidance of shame and disgrace is at least as compelling a motive as the fear of poverty on the one hand and violence on the other. 36 SOCIETIES AS SUBJECTS FOR SCIENCE systact whose location they wish to raise.

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