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By George G. Khachatourians and Dilip K. Arora (Eds.)

ISBN-10: 0444506578

ISBN-13: 9780444506573

Offering a stimulating synthesis of quickly turning out to be examine pursuits and guides through students within the box of utilized mycology and biotechnology.The surge of study and improvement task in utilized mycology and fungal biotechnology pertains to the necessity and application of fungi in lots of contexts. those contexts are large in scope, and comprise agriculture, animal and plant healthiness, biotransformation of natural or inorganic subject, foodstuff security, composition of meals and micronutrients, and human and animal infectious disease.Containing a balanced remedy of rules, biotechnological manipulations and purposes of significant teams of fungi in agriculture and foodstuff, this booklet will function a realistic source for mycologists, microbiologists, biotechnologists, bioengineers, scientists from agri-food undefined, biochemists, botanists and agriculturists.

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Engelsman (1968) found that, under short-day conditions, a I-minute burst of red light during the dark period results in an increase in the number of female flowers. Extending the treatment with red light leads to enhanced female sex expression. In photoperiodism a light break in the dark period is normally equivalent to giving a long day. However, when red light was replaced by far red, this stimulation was reversed. These and later findings have led to the belief that sex regulation in unisexual plants is controlled (inter alia) by the phytochrome system.

Photoperiodic Induction and Darkness To elucidate further the influence of light on sex expression, the authors of this book have studied the effects on sex expression of short-day and long-day photoperiodic induction, as well as of uninterrupted darkness. The objects of the investigations were chosen with special reference to their biological peculiarities. The experiments presented here and in the following chapters were conducted on dioecious plants that have characteristic photoperiodic reactions.

34 3. Regulation of Sex Expression and Age-Related Changes NAA could induce the change of sex only if the flowers were treated at an early stage of organogenesis (from appearance of floral meristems to the formation of sepals in embryonic flowers). NAA treatment of plants at later stages either fails to influence sex expression or induces such intensive proliferation and differentation of carpels that microsporogenesis and stamen development are interfered with.! A decrease in the viability of pollen as a result of NAA treatment was observed not only in Cucumis sativa L.

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Agriculture and Food Production by George G. Khachatourians and Dilip K. Arora (Eds.)


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