By Maris A. Vinovskis
In study rooms and in dwelling rooms, in learn associations and on Capitol Hill, teenage being pregnant is among the so much debatable public problems with our day. but finally the research and govt attempt, what's relatively identified in regards to the challenge of adolescent being pregnant and the way to accommodate it? and what's the function of the social scientist and historian in a public factor of this sort? during this examine, Maris Vinovskis--a in demand demographic historian and a player in either Carter's and Reagan's Presidential tasks on teenage pregnancy--sets those questions inside a historic framework and discusses a bunch of present matters and coverage issues. Vinovskis starts off by means of interpreting adolescent sexuality and childbearing in early the USA and comparing no matter if there has in reality been an ''epidemic'' of adolescent being pregnant in American historical past. within the following chapters, he addresses the increase of adolescent being pregnant as a countrywide factor and assesses the government's reaction to it, either in Congress and the Presidency. Bringing his specified skills as a historian and a coverage planner to his examine, Vinovskis bargains readers a provocative new context for figuring out a urgent public factor of the Nineteen Eighties.
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Extra info for An ’’Epidemic’’ of Adolescent Pregnancy?: Some Historical and Policy Considerations
S. Congress, House, Select Committee on Population, 1978a: 284-304). 7 percent) of the total AFDC expenditures in 1975. Furthermore, the AFDC costs of teenage childbearing greatly underestimate the actual costs to taxpayers because they do not include the cost of other federal programs such as Medicaid, food stamps, or state and local costs. Thus, while the Carter Administration and the 95th Congress had been concerned almost exclusively with the prevention of adolescent childbearing or the care of pregnant teenagers, they did not consider minimizing the costs to society by reducing the proportion of out-of-wedlock births.
6 percent of unmarried females ages 15 to 19 living in metropolitan areas had experienced intercourse. 0 percent. 2 percent in 1982. The increase in sexual activity among unmarried females occurred for every age group and was particularly pronounced among seventeen-year-olds. 5 percent in 1976. 9 percent of unmarried females age nineteen living in metropolitan areas having experienced sexual intercourse. Unmarried black female adolescents were more likely to have engaged in intercourse than their white counterparts.
Foundation 34 AN "EPIDEMIC" OF ADOLESCENT PREGNANCY? 21 Most of these experts did not even consider the fact that while the pregnancy rate of young adolescents declined only slightly during the past fifteen years, without the increased use of contraceptives it would have risen rapidly as a consequence of the dramatic increase in teenage sexual activity. To appreciate fully the success of primary prevention among these young adolescents, we need to take into consideration changes in their sexual activity as well as in their use of contraceptives.
An ’’Epidemic’’ of Adolescent Pregnancy?: Some Historical and Policy Considerations by Maris A. Vinovskis